Most Critically Endangered Animal Species On The Planet

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The list of endangered species has not turned smaller, rather has enlarged. Most critically endangered animal species on the planet are on the verge of disappearing completely.

One of the most critically endangered species of the world is the ivory billed woodpecker, which can or could be found in the southeastern region of the US and as well in Cuba. This large woodpecker was considered extinct until 2004, when many people reported to to have spotted the bird in Arkansas and Florida. However the existence of the ivory bill still remained questionable and if a bird population were to exist most likely is very small and highly vulnerable. The main cause for the disappearance of the ivory billed woodpecker it is due to the its habitat loss but also because of the exploitation of humans, as the bird was hunted for its feathers.

woodpecker

Another endangered and very rare species is the Amur leopard (Panthera padres orientalist), which is an extremely rare subspecies of leopards that lives only in the isolated and snowy parts of the northern forests of east of Russia’s Primorye area. It used to be found in Korea and the north of China, but the Amur leopard has completely disappeared from those countries.

In 2007 there have been counted only between 14 to 20 adults and 5/6 cubs. What is provoking the extinction of this animal is the habitat loss caused by logging, road building, and trespassing of civilisation but as well the illegal huntings and changing climate happening on the planet.

amur-leopard-5
The Javan rhinoceros scientifically known as Rhinoceros sondaicus, is among the five most endangered rhinoceros species of the world. There have remained only between 40 to 60 animals living in the Ujung Kulon National Park, located on the western area of the Indonesian Island of Java.
The last animal belonging to another small population in the Cat Tien National Park from Vietnam, was killed in 2011 by poachers.The Javan rhinoceros has been hunted for its horn, used to make Asian traditional medicine. Even though now it is under protection, its population might not be large enough from preventing the species from extinction.

Javan-Rhino

There are around 100 species of lemurs living on the planet, and all of them live on the southeastern coast of Africa, on the Isle of Madagascar. Practically their population is declining rapidly main reasons being again, human activities and poaching. Many species of lemur have been listed as endangered or critically endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

So far on top of the list has been the greater bamboo lemur, with less than 100 animals remaining, but most recently its place has been taken by the sportive lemurs, with less than 20 individuals remaining in the wild. This species lives only around the surroundings of one small mountain found on the northern part of Madagascar. This species of lemur is very small with a weight of around two pounds or less. It has very large eyes for better vision at night.

lemur

Out of all the world whale species, the most endangered one is the northern right whale with around 350 animals left, which travel the Atlantic coasts of the U.S. and Canada. During the whale hunting taking place in the 19th century, the mammal received its name as it was considered the “right” whale to hunt, as it has plenty of whale oil and was floating after its death which made it very easy to capture and process.

This lead to the extinction of the species. The right whale is now under wildlife protection but its small remaining population keeps diminishing due to getting trapped in fishing nets. If they get trapped in the nest, whales drown as they can no longer reach surface and breathe. The warming of the planet could affect the population of the small crustaceans which serve as food for right whales, and this could be another threat for the continuity of this species.

Right_Whale
South China tigers(Panthera tigris amoyensis) are found in the smallest amount of all the tiger subspecies and have reached a critical level of extinction. It is not known the exact number of the remaining animals but is believed to be around 20 tigers. Some would state that this estimate is to high and that the South China tiger does no longer exist in the wild. Statement which could be true, as no tiger has been seen in the wild for the past 20 years.

The South China tiger is original from the provinces Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangdong, from the south of China. The remaining tigers on the planet, under 100 individuals, can be found exclusively in Chinese zoos. The South China tiger was classified as a critically endangered species.

tiger

Another endangered species is the bluefin tuna, has been on the endangered list for several years and is the main fish Japanese sushi lovers eat. This species of fish has suffered a terrible decline in the north of the Pacific Ocean, over 96% of the population has disappeared. What is concerning is the fact that around 90% of the caught fish were young fish which didn’t arrive yet to reproduce, meaning they might have been the last generation of bluefin tuna.

bluefin tuna

The endangered species list continues with the grey wolf, which has been readied to the list of endangered species after being removed in 2012. Since their federal protection was removed there have been killed over 1,500 Great Lakes Wolves. The new law bans the hunting and trapping of wolves in Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin.

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Image Source: the smoking gun, Daily Mail, Biodiversity Warriors, animal-kid, performancemultisports.com, The Tiger Domain, mother nature network, Daemons and analyses

Deadly Animals in Australia

The world celebrated Australia day this week. At Port Jackson in New South Wales the first British Fleet raised the king’s flag on January 26, 1788. However, we plan to show you a few reasons why Australia shouldn’t be your next vacation spot.

Everything in Australia is designed to kill you or hurt you in some way or the other. It’s a place filled with monsters that only have the purpose of seeing you dead. Don’t go there, for Pete’s sake.

This is our list of deadly animals in Australia. Enjoy.

1. The land of Australia is filled with mosquitos. Mosquitos are filled with malaria. You do the math.

mosquito

2. This box jellyfish has tentacles that are 60 meters long. From those tentacles, the jellyfish can release a sting that is able to kill you. These jellyfish kill a lot more people than sharks, crocodiles and snakes together.

box-jellyfish

3. The cassowary is about just as tall as you and really enjoys kicking when it’s angry with its six inch claw it has on each feet.

cassowary

4. The saltwater crocodile is considered to be the biggest land predator in the whole world. The beast is also featured in the Guinness book of records for the most powerful jaw. Great…

saltwater-crocodile

5. The bull shark is very aggressive towards human beings. It’s responsible for most shark attacks.

bullshark

6. I think this spider’s name is proof enough you should stay very far away from it. The goliath birdeater tarantula is a very catchy name.

goliath-birdeater-tarantula

7. The eastern brown snake is not considered the most dangerous snake in the world because of its venom. Despite having quite a potent venom, the snake is considered so because if feeds on mice. And because mice spend time around humans, this causes interaction between humans and brown snakes.

eastern-brown-snake

8. The funnel web spider is the second most poisonous spider in the world. I think this is enough proof that you should stay back.

funnel-spider

9. The venom of the inland taipan could kill around 100 men which makes it the most venomous snake in the world.

inland-taipan

10. The neuropoison of the blue ringed octopus could kill 26 men and is 10,000 more potent than cyanide.

blue-ringed-octopus

Images source: wikipedia.org

8 Extinct Animals Found Still Alive

The term used to describe ‘extinct’ animals that were eventually found alive is Lazarus species. There is still a big part of the Earth that humans fail to discover or understand, this is why sometimes, species that are believed to be extinct long ago can still be found roaming on the surface of our planet.

Many of these Lazarus species are found again by accident, as people do not usually look for something they know they cannot find. Here are 10 extinct animals found alive and well.

1. Coelacanth

'extinct' animals

The Coelacanth fish is the perfect example of a species belonging to the Lazarus taxon, as it was believed to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period. However, in 1938 a bunch of members of this species were found off the east coast of Southern Africa, on the Chalumna (now TyolomnQa) river. Since then, there have been struggles conducted by wildlife researchers to initiate a program to preserve this species as fishermen sometimes catch the coelacanth fish and instead of throwing them back into the water, as they used to before 1980, they keep and use them for trading with different scientists or individuals.

2. Bermuda Petrel

'extinct' animals

The Bermuda Petrel was first discovered when the Spanish seafarers began inhabiting the Bermuda isles. However, the bird’s nocturnal cries made the people think the island is inhabited by devils so they brought predators such as rats and cats and decimated the Petrel population. The species was supposedly extinct since the 1620s but hope was still on the bird’s side since 18 nesting pairs were drediscovered in 1951 in Castle Harbour. In 2005, the global population of the Bermuda Petrel counted 250 individuals.

3. Lord Howe Island stick insect

'extinct' animals

The Lord Howe Island stick insect was very common on the island as it was used as bait in fishing. However, in 1918, black rats were introduces on Lord Howe Island which lead to people believing that the insect species went extinct. Since 1964, a couple of stick insects were found dead but searches lead to find the insect alive proved unsuccessful until 2001. Researchers finally found 24 live specimens of the stick insect living peacefully between rocks. In 2003, a team of researchers collected two breeding pairs and by 2006, Melbourne Zoo managed the captive population of the insect counted 50 individuals and thousands of eggs. The ultimate goal of reintroducing the stick insect back on Lord Howe Island seems to have been a success.

4. Takahe

'extinct' animals

The Takahe is a big flightless bird which was believed to have gone extinct in 1898. However, a search was conducted in an attempt to rediscover the species and it proved to be successful. In 1948, Geoffrey Orbell found the bird near Lathe Te Anau in the Murchison Mountains. Since the rediscovery, the bird species was also relocated to five other predator-free islands where they can be viewed by the general public.

5. New Caledonian Crested Gecko

'extinct' animals

The New Caledonian Crested Gecko or Guichenot’s giant gecko is a gecko species belonging to the southern New Caledonia, which was thought extinct until 1994, when it was rediscovered. The gecko species currently has a protected status and researchers are not allowed to relocate the geckos anymore. However, before the law was ensured, geckos were collected for breeding purposes and now the captive population of the New Caledonian Crested Gecko grows steadily. The biggest and single threat the gecko is facing in its natural habitat is the little fire ant which not only attacks the gecko but also competes with it for food.

6. Giant Palouse earthworm

'extinct' animals

The Giant Palouse Earthworm was believed to have gone extinct during the 1980s but evidence was provided that the species might still be alive. A search conducted in May, 2010 lead the scientists to a small population of earthworms and ended up with the retrieval of two specimens. The species is still threatened with extinction so the species is still considered on the verge of extinction.

7. Laotian Rock Rat

'extinct' animals

The Laotian Rock Rat or the rat-squirrel is the cause of some controversy among researchers. The rat was initially described in 2005 in an article by author Paulina Jenkins who found the rodent so unusual that she made it part of a whole new rodent family. However, Mary Dawson and coauthors have disputed Jenkins’ theory and said that the rat actually belongs to an ancient fossil family believed to have been extinct for over 11 million years, making the Laotian Rock Rat a member of the Lazarus taxon. The rat was rediscovered in 1996 in Thakhek, Khammouan as it was sold on the market as food.

8. Mangarahara cichlid

'extinct' animals

The Mangarahara Cichlid is a fish which lived in the northern part of Madagascar, in the Mangarahara River. Until 2013, the species was thought to be extinct in the wild and the last three living specimens supposedly lived in captivity, two males in London Zoo and another male in the Berlin Aquarium. However, the Mangarahara cichlid is a perfect example of natural conservation as a small population of this species was found unharmed in a remote part of the Mangarahara River, which was streaming through a tiny village. Although the rediscovery of the species in the wild was a success, the small fish is still considered critically endangered due to habitat loss and introduction of predator species. Moreover, all the 18 specimens found in the wild showed a remarkable set of surviving skills, as their current habitat is certainly not suitable for them.

10 Famous Animals of The Past

Sometimes, all you need is love and no love is purer than the love of an animal. In the following, you will find 10 famous animals of the past.

Some of them are famous for traveling hundreds of miles, while others were simply known for being the last one of their kind. However, all of these animals were known for being different and this is why we still remember them today.

10. Nancy

famous animals

Nancy was a Springbok and the mascot of the South African Infantry Regiment and is the only animal in military history to be buried with funeral honors. The mascot of the 4th Regiment had an exciting life and dies because of pneumonia during the winter of 1918.

9. Marjan

famous animals

Marjan was a ferocious lion which lived in Kabul Zoo along with his playmate and life companion, a lioness named Chucha. After killing a man who snuck into his cage, Marjan was brutally attacked with three grenades placed in his den by the victim’s brother. Many animal activists and organization donated money to try saving the lion which lost his eyesight, all his teeth and remained disabled after the attack, which made him famous worldwide. Marjan died of old age in 2002.

8. Xiang Xiang

famous animals

Xiang Xiang was the first giant panda to taste freedom after a lifetime of captivity. He was born in captivity in 2001 and was released in 2006 after enduring a full training regimen meant to equip him will all the necessary skills to survive alone, in the wild. However, Xiang Xiang was found dead not even a year after his release, in 2007. The cause of death is believed to be the falling from a tree.

7. Huberta

famous animals

Huberta is one of the most famous animals in the South African history. The hippopotamus traveled 1600 km from St. Lucia Estuary to Eastern Cape and was initially named Hubert, as people who saw the hippo on its journey believed it was a male. Unfortunately, Huberta was shot and killed by hunters a month after her arrival in East London in 1931.

6. Lonesome George

famous animals

Lonesome George was the last living member of the Pinta Island tortoise and became known worldwide after becoming an internet meme. Several attempts were made to try finding Lonesome George a suitable mate of a different subspecies but with no success. Lonesome George died of old age in 2012.

5. Elsa

famous animals

Elsa was a lioness born in Kenya and raised by George and Joy Adamson along her two sisters. She was the only one of the three lionesses to be released into the wild and thought to live on her own. The life of Elsa was documented and you can watch it through the movie Born Free from 1966.

4. Snowflake

famous animals

Snowflake was one of the most popular attractions of the Barcelona Zoo, in Spain and one of the most famous albino animals in human history. The albino gorilla was captured in 1966 and he was only 2 years old when his capturer killed his entire group, which were normal in color. He lived in Barcelona until 2003 and died at the impressive age of 39 years, after being diagnosed with a form of skin cancer.

3. Laika

famous animals

Laika the dog was the first animal to be launched into Erath’s orbit. The dog was a stray picked up from the streets of Moscow and was the sole occupant of the Sputnik 2 spacecraft. Little was known about the impact spaceflight would have on humans so scientists were reluctant whether or not it was the time to send people in outer space, so they chose to first send animals instead. Laika’s death is still a cause of controversy since people are still not sure about what actually caused her death in 1957: lack of oxygen, overheating or euthanasia.

2. Christian

famous animals

Christian the lion was purchased by John Rendall and Anthony Bourke from a department store in London. After the two raised the lion until he was one year old, they released him into the wild. After Rendall and Bourke became certain that Christian’s reintroduction into the wild was a success, they have decided to visit him to see if the lion still remembered them. Surprisingly enough, after a year of being in his natural habitat, Christian ran to his former owners and hugged them as if they were never separated. Two other reunions took place in 1971 and 1973 after the two men decided to stop interfering in Christian’s new life.

1. Hachiko

famous animals

Hachiko was a dog born in the Akita breed and he lived between 1923 and 1935. Hachiko is porbbaly the most famous dog in the world because he waited for his owner for nine years until he finally passed away. Hachiko was used to wait for his owner, Hidesabur? Ueno every day in Shibuya Station. One day, Ueno died of a cerebral hemorrhage and never returned to the train station. The loyal dog remained in the station nine more years, waiting for his master. Since the dog’s death in 1935, a ceremony is held every year on the 8th of April in Tokyo’s Shibuya station, to honor the loyal companion.

 

The Extinct Animals You Would Love to See Alive

What extinct animal would you most like to see alive and kicking in modern times?

Over the years the world has lost some glorious creatures and some scary ones as well. Here are some of the best ones we´ll never get to see.

The Dodo

Extinct Animals and the Dodo

Most of us immediately think of the flightless bird known as the Dodo when we think about extinct creatures. They lived on the island of Mauritius and while we know little about them, they appear to have been about a meter tall. European sailors first saw Dodos in 1598 and just over 60 years later there were none left. They were used by islanders as pets and who wouldn´t one of these cheerful birds wandering about their yard?

The Saber Toothed Cat

Extinct Animals and the Saber Toothed Cat

There are a few different animals that have been known as Saber Toothed Cats, with the impressive Smilodon the most well known. You wouldn´t want to bump into this toothy predator in the wild but taking a selfie with him from a safe distance would have been cool. He lived in North and South America and killed all sorts of different types of prey.

The Mammoth

Extinct Animals and the Mammoth

There are a few different types of Mammoth that once made the Earth tremble under their giant frames. The Woolly Mammoth and the American Mastodon are good examples of these elephant type beasts, while some weren´t as big as you might think. The end of the ice age is given as one reason why they probably died out although there is still hope that we´ll find some more frozen ones in Siberia we can clone or bring back to life just like Walt Disney. Isn´t there? 

The Tasmanian Tiger

Extinct Animals and the Tasmanian Tiger

All of the tales of extinct animals around the world are sad but some hit home harder than others. That is definitely the case with the Tasmanian Tiger. The arrival of Europeans led to its downfall, with the final creatures dying out in the 1930s. Some people still cling on to the hope that some Tasmanian Tigers exist in remote areas, with fabulous rewards being offered in the past for capturing one. Scientists also plan to produce new animals using the DNA of dead specimens.

The Gigantopithecus

Extinct Animals and the Gigantopithecus

This big fellow isn´t as well known as some of the other extinct animals we have looked at but he was a beauty. This was a giant ape who lived in Asia. The race died out about 100,000 years ago and they were the biggest apes ever to live on our planet. They measured up to 3 meters (almost 10 ft) tall. The lack of a full skeleton ever being found means that we don´t even know how the Gigantopithecus got around; on all fours or walking upright.

The Atlas Bear

Extinct Animals and the Atlas Bear

Africa´s only native bear in recent times is believed to be extinct. Yes, there is a small, flickering hope that some Atlas Bears moved from the Atlas Mountains across to Eastern Africa. However, the general consensus is that man killed off this large beast. The expansion of the Roman Empire into North Africa and the introduction of modern firearms are said to have contributed to their downfall. The Romans were especially damaging to the Atlas Bear, hunting it to use in their Gladiator shows. It eventually died out completely towards the end of the 19th century.