5 of the Rarest Snake Species in the World

Fear of snakes is not an unusual phobia and many people have it. I know someone that cringes when I mention these creepy crawling creatures. Personally, I think they are beautiful, mysterious creatures that just have a bad reputation. Unfortunately, there are many species of snakes that are on the verge of being extinct due to the gradual destruction of their natural habitat. If they are not bothered, snakes are not a real threat to humans. Let’s take a look at the rarest snake species in the world:

1. St. Lucia Racer Snake

st-lucia-racer snake

The St. Lucia Racer snake is officially one of the rarest snake species in the world. It lives on a small island in the Caribbean, near the St. Lucia coast, hence its name. This snake species has been massively eradicated by predators like the black rat and the mongoose. The predators have killed the snakes and poached the eggs. In 1936 the St. Lucia Racer snake has been declared extinct but in 1973 it has been rediscovered on the island Maria Major. This is a non-venomous snake that can reach 1 meter in length and currently there are only 18 of this snake on the island.

2. Orlov’s Viper

orlov viper endangered

This beautiful creature is one of the rarest snake species in the world at the moment. It lives in the Russian Black Sea region. It’s a close relative of the Caucasian viper and it’s extremely venomous. It has been estimated that there are only 250 Orlov vipers in the wild, and the major reason for its extinction is the widespread poaching.

3. The Aruba Island Rattlesnake

aruba island rattlesnake

This rattlesnake species lives in the Caribbean islands of Aruba, off the coast of Venezuela. This is a nocturnal snake with a light brown or gray color. The rattlesnake gives birth to live young (viviparous) rather than laying eggs like other snake species. It can live up to 20 years and it feeds mostly on birds, rodents and lizards. At the moment, there are only 230 Aruba Island rattlesnakes in the wild, which makes it one of the rarest snake species on the planet. Their habitat is threatened by human development, which left these snakes with only 25 square km of natural space. Another threatening factor is the introduction of goats that destroy the vegetation on the island.

4. Round Island Boa

round island boa snake

When we hear about Boa snakes we automatically think about those huge constrictor snakes. This Boa snake lives on the Round Island in Mauritius and it’s not a big snake, reaching up to 1,5 m in length. Fortunately, their numbers have increased recently because back in 1996 there were only about 250 adult snakes living in the wild. At the moment there are around 1,000 Round Island Boa snakes but they’re not out of danger of being extinct. One of the main reasons for its disappearing is the introduction of rabbits and goats in the snake’s natural habitat. Luckily, the Round Island Boa is part of a breeding program that will help with their survival as a species.

5. The Short-Nosed Sea Snake

Short-Nosed Sea Snake endaangered

The short-nosed sea snake, also known as the Shul reef snake, is one of the rarest snake species living right now. Their natural habitat is somewhere off the coast of North Western part of Australia. The reasons for this species’ increasing disappearance are not known but researchers believe the severe coral degradation might be one of the causes.

Other rare snake species that face extinction are: the Darevsky’s Viper, the Antiguan Racer, the Santa Catalina Island Rattlesnake, the Alcatrazes Lancehead and Wagner’s Viper.

We need to take better care of our planet and the wonderful creatures that inhabit it otherwise we will lose many of the living species.

 

 

 

Top 5 of the World’s Deadliest Sharks

Sharks are some of the most dangerous creatures in the world. One would better think twice before diving in the waters where these deadly predators dwell. Sharks are perfect killing machines: they’re big, they’re fast, they’re super intelligent and they have several rows of razor-sharp teeth. There are about 400 species of sharks living in the oceans of the world and not all of them are “man-eating”. But there are some sharks that are, according to statistics, a real threat to humans. Let’s take a look at the world’s deadliest sharks and learn which ones are the most dangerous to us.

1. The Great White Shark

great white shark deadliest shark

You might recognize this big guy from the 1970s movie that terrified us all, Jaws. That movie didn’t put this shark species in a very good light, but it couldn’t have had. This is one of the world’s deadliest sharks and it’s known to kill without a second thought. The Great White shark can reach 6 meters in length and can weigh as much as 3 tons. They have rows of triangular teeth that are 3 inches long and serrated on all sides for a deadly effect. These sharks tear their prey by shaking their head from side to side and they can reach a speed of up to 56 km per hour. They mostly live around the shores of Australia, South Africa, California, the Mediterranean and Japan. The Great White shark is without a doubt the most dangerous shark species, with more than 400 human attacks, of which many have been lethal.

2. The Bull Shark

bull shark swimming

Another one of the world’s deadliest sharks is the Bull shark. This one’s no little fishy either. It can measure up to 3.5 m and weigh more than 300kg. You might wonder why this big fish is called a “bull” shark. They get their name from their flat “nose” and stocky build. They also have a short temper and can get extremely aggressive in the blink of an eye. Just like the Great White, the Bull shark has several rows of triangular, sharp teeth. The Bull shark is very territorial and it will attack any other species that will invade his privacy. Unlike other shark species, the Bull shark can tolerate fresh waters which make the human encounters more often than with other sharks. They can live in both rivers and lakes, something that many sharks cannot do. Statistically, the Bulls shark is responsible for 104 human attacks, with more than a third fatal ones.

3. The Tiger Shark

tiger shark

Any animal that has “tiger” in its name is not something you would like to cuddle with. The Tiger shark is no exception. This is one of the deadliest sharks in the world, famous for its aggressiveness and for the fact that it swallows anything that comes in its way: tires, bottles, clothes, pigs, cats, etc. Their common prey are dolphins, turtles, seals and birds.

4. Oceanic White Tip Shark

Oceanic White Tip Shark

This deadly shark has killed more people than any other shark species in world. They are classified as “man-eaters” and some say that these sharks are responsible for hundreds of human deaths when ships sunk in the World War II. Although they are slow moving, the white tip shark is very aggressive and also very persistent.

5. The Shortfin Mako

Shortfin Mako

One of the deadliest sharks known to attack humans is the shortfin mako shark. It comes from the same family as the great white and the prehistoric megalodon. The shortfin mako can measure up to 3 m and weigh nearly a ton. This shark is responsible for at least three known human deaths.

 

 

8 Newly Discovered Animals You Should Know

The Earth is full of fascinating animals, most of them probably unknown to us. Some are adorable, some are creepy, and some of them we never heard of nor did we know they existed. Here are 8 newly discovered animals you can teach your little brother about.

1. Tuco-tuco

New species of these adorable rodents were discovered in Bolivia. Tuco-tucos live underground and they have very preeminent teeth. Their name is not only funny, but also very naturally driven from the sound they make when they communicate to one another, a sort of loud “tuc-tuc” sound. The discovery is very huge, since new species of mammals are rarely discovered, mostly because given their large size, they are hard to miss.

newly discovered animals

2.  Transparent snail

newly discovered animals

This transparent snail has no eyes, no colored pigments and, also, has almost no ability to move. It was discovered in Croatia by scientists from Goethe University in a dark underground cave named Lukina-Jama Trojama, one of the deepest in the world. The cave systems have an unusual microclimate with various temperatures distributed in layers, which makes the possibly of new discoveries even greater.

3.  Lesula

newly discovered animals

Lesula is a monkey discovered in Congo.  As you can see, it has human eyes. Another distinctive sign is its blue bottom. You can find it in a small number so the possibility of the lesula of becoming an endangered species in a few years is very serious. Currently it’s enlisted as “vulnerable” because the monkey faces serious threats.  Lesula looks really adorable with its human gaze and pose, so, maybe, besides the diversity threat caused by its disappearance would, it is so difficult not to feel that we are also threatened as human beings.

4. Olinguito

newly discovered animals

This sounds like something really small in Spanish. Olinguito is a “bear-cat”, an adorable one, which was discovered in Colombia and Ecuador. Olinguito eats fruits, nectar and small insects, but it also appears to be a shy animal, which makes it one of the most likeable from the newly discovered animals.

5.  Pea-sized Frog

newly discovered animals

This frog was discovered in 2010 in Borneo, Southeast Asia. As you can see, it is really small and in the beginning, scientists thought they saw baby frogs. They later realized these were adults.To understand the scale, you need to know that the adult size of this frog is somewhere between 10.6 to 12.8 milimetres.

6. Vampire Frog

newly discovered animals

It is exactly what you think, a frog that eats hot blooded animals. This adorable looking frog actually eats birds and it was discovered in Southeast Asia. The male frogs are really aggressive. They fight each other and most of the time ending with limbs being cut or injured.

7. Caqueta monkey

newly discovered animals

What is so adorable about this monkey is that it purrs like a cat and it’s really tiny. Although it is a newly discovered animal according to international scientific community, its existence was somehow guessed back in 1976. Colombia, the country where the animal was first observed, was in conflict at the time, so the confirmation arrived much later. Now it’s enlisted as being critically endangered, with less than 250 individuals.

8.  Blossom Bat

newly discovered animals

This little guy was discovered during an expedition in New Guinea, Indonesia. The cute looking bat feeds on nectar using the tongue to reach the trees for it. For this reason it is known as the “hummingbird of the bat world”.  Because of their feeding behavior, blossom bats are very small, just 60 millimeters long, which means they can fit really nice in the palm of your hand. Their enemies are honey bees, for obvious reasons.

 

Freakiest Looking Animals on Earth

A few days ago we were talking about the upcoming new season of American Horror story called Freak Show. It will be about human anomalies like circus freaks, bearded women, three-breasted gals, Siamese twins and super creepy clowns. But sometimes reality is more disturbing than fiction and nature has its share of freaks. Animals that look like they’ve come from another planet or from the set of a horror movie. We would like to share with you some of the freakiest looking animals on earth. We assure you the photographs are 100% real.

1. Tunichates

weirdest animals

Is it a rock? Is it an alien? No, this is actually an animal that lives on our planet. They are related to vertebrates and their official name is Pyura chilensis. It’s the creepiest species of tunichates. At first you might mistake it for an ancient rock. Inside it’s blood red and they are called “sea tomatoes” by the people in South America, who consider them to be a delicacy. People in Chile love to eat these freaky looking animals. Would you try one?

2. Creepy Looking Orb Weaver

orb weaver weirdest animals

Continuing our list of the freakiest looking animals on earth, we have this “special” orb weaver. They look like a strange combination between a spider and a cow’s head. This horned little spider belongs to the genus Macracantha and is a close relative to the ordinary garden spider. Scientists haven’t discovered the real purpose of the horns but some believe they are either ornaments used to attract sexual partners or some kind of weapons used to show dominance when they have to fight other spiders. We think this little horned spider looks super cool and we’re proud to have it on our list of the freakiest looking animals on earth.

3. The Three- Wattled Bellbird

three wattled bellbird weirdest animals

This weird looking bird reminded us of that creepy character from the Pirates of the Caribbean. Remember him? The one with things hanging from his chin. We wonder if this bird was the inspiration behind that character. Anyway, this bird has three dangling fleshy wattles growing from its beak, that are soft to the touch. Scientists say that these wattles attract female birds. Unfortunately, this freaky looking bird is an endangered species and lives in Central America.

4. African Shoebill

african shoebill weirdest animals

This creepy looking bird looks like a creature from The Flinstones. A cross between a dinosaur and a huge bird. The African shoebill is probably the weirdest looking bird on the African continent. It’s 1.5 meters high and weighs more than 5 kg. The African shoebill is a pretty dangerous bird and it feeds on lizards, young crocodiles and even baby antelope. It has a huge bill (24 cm) with a hook at its end. We wouldn’t want this freaky looking bird to get mad at us, that’s for sure.

5. California Sheephead

california sheephead weirdest animals

This is one truly creepy fish. It lives in the waters of California and looks like something out of an alien movie. It has huge sharp teeth and it’s known to bite humans, delivering some serious pain and injuries. Another interesting fact about this fish is that they are all born female. Whether or not some of them will grow up to be males depends on social and environmental factors.

6. Standard-Winged Nightjar

standard winged nightaja rweirdest animals

Our list of the freakiest looking animals on earth concludes with the standard-winged nightjar. This peculiar looking bird has a giant pair of feather which can grow up to 35 centimeters, much longer than their body. This weird pair of feathers is used for mating purposes, attracting the partner. When you first see the standard-winged nightjar you’re under the impression you’re looking at three separate birds. They’re not three.

 

5 of the World’s Most Dangerous Insects

Most people find insects repulsive. Must be because they have so many legs, or because they crawl, or maybe because they look like miniature alien creatures? One of the reasons people should be afraid of them is that some insects bite and they bite hard. Some of them are so venomous that their bite can kill a human in a matter of minutes. That’s a real reason for being afraid of something, that it may kill you if it bites you. Let’s have a look at the world’s most dangerous insects. They bite, they sting and they kill.

1. The Asian Giant Hornet

asian giant hornet

One of the world’s most dangerous insects is the Asian giant hornet. This huge wasp lives in the East and Southeast parts of Asia and are responsible for the death of 42 people so far. What makes the Asian giant hornet so dangerous and deadly? Well, their venom affects the red blood cells, thus causing kidney failure and death. The Asian giant hornets are as big as a human thumb and they are attracted to sweet flavors, human sweat and even alcohol smell. If you think you can escape them by running, you’re very wrong and you risk being chased down and killed because running will make them madder and it’s best to stay calm and do not agitate yourself.

2. The Brazilian Wandering Spider

brazilian wandering spider

The Brazilian wandering spider, also known as “the banana spider, has entered the Guinness Book of Records as the world’s most venomous spider. This spider usually lives in Central and Tropical South of America and it can be found sitting quietly inside cars, dark corners of houses and banana plants (hence the name). This spider’s venom is so toxic that it can paralyze its victim in a matter of minutes or it can leave the victim without oxygen, resulting in death. Some of the symptoms of this spider’s bite include breathing difficulty, loss of muscle control, intense pain and inflammation of the body. Although this is one of the world’s most dangerous insects, its venom, besides being lethal, it is now studied as a potential treatment for erectile dysfunctions.

3. The African Driver Ant

african driver ant

One of the most dangerous insects in the world is this little guy called the African driver ant. They are so lethal that a horde of these ants can devour a human being in about 4 hours. They first slash the flesh, and their favorite parts are the soft skin of the mouth, eyes and nostrils. After that they release formic acid inside the flesh, melting it. Then, they move straight to the internal organs. All this happens, while the victim is in agonizing pain.

4. Fire Ants

fire ant sting

The fire ants sting and bite. And it’s very painful. The venom they inject is called histamine, a chemical that causes pain, itchiness, redness and swelling of the skin. The sting from these ants forms into a white pustule that can get infected easily. The sting itself is not lethal, unless you are allergic it.

5. The Anopheles Mosquito
mosquito

Some of the most dangerous insects in the world are, believe it or not, the mosquitoes. These annoying creatures carry deadly diseases like malaria and other blood transmitted illnesses. The Anopheles mosquito is a malaria carrier and it’s responsible for many deaths yearly. There is still no cure against malaria so many people die from being stung by this insect. These mosquitoes live all over the world, except for Antarctica.

This was our top 5 of the most dangerous insects in the world.  If you want to get in touch with us, leave us a comment in the section below. We would love to hear from our readers.