10 Facts About Saturn You Probably Didn’t Know

Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun in our solar system. It’s also the second largest behind Jupiter and the only one to be surrounded by a vividly shaped ring. It completes an orbit around the Sun in 30 Earth years and it completes a full turn around its own axis in only 10 and a half hours. These are some of the most basic facts about Saturn you could know, but there is still so much to be learned about this beautiful giant. Here are 10 Facts About Saturn You Probably Didn’t Know.

Facts About Saturn

Source

Facts 1-5

#1 – Saturn, like most planets in the Milky Way, was named after a Roman deity. In this case, it’s, well… Saturn! He was considered to be the God of agriculture among many other things, but he later on became the God of Time too. Because of this, his Greek equivalent is the famed Cronus.

#2 – Because of the speed of its rotation around its own axis, Saturn is slowly turning into a flattened pancake. The scientific term for it, though, is “oblate spheroid.” This phenomenon is similar to what’s happening to the extremes of the equator on Earth, but it’s much more visible in Saturn’s case.

#3 – Saturn would float in water. It’d take a really huge mass of water to be able to sink this giant in, but, in theory, it could actually happen. This is because Saturn has the lowest density of the solar system, indirectly proportional to its sheer size.

#4 – Facts about Saturn for kids: ruin their expectations by telling them the planet’s ring isn’t solid. Most children believe this myth, for all the good reasons. Unfortunately, it’s not a material ring, but it’s one made of pieces of rock, dust, and ice varying in size.

#5 – Saturn is one of the planets surrounded by a ton of moons. The inner part of our solar system, which is made of Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars is notably lacking in their presence. We assume this is because they all flocked over to Saturn, a planet with a grand total of 62 moons. The most notable of them has to be Titan, an awesomely named moon with a rocky surface covered in ice.

View Of Saturn And Its Ring

Source

Facts 6-10

#6 – Despite the fact that astronomy evolved so much, only four spacecrafts have ever been sent to Saturn. The first one was in 1979, while the last one was in 2004. Cassini, what the spacecraft was called, was the only one that managed to break through Saturn’s atmosphere and snap some snazzy photos of its surface and ring.

#7 – Speaking of Saturn’s moons, hundreds of years ago, Galileo wrongly observed the shape of the planet and assumed that its ring was actually two moons stuck to different sides of the planet. This happened in 1610 and, surprisingly, it only took a few decades until it was decided that there truly were no moons involved in the creation of the ring.

#8 – Saturn’s ring is also the subject of a rather fascinating phenomenon. Because of its axis, just like the Earth, Saturn is slightly tilted. Meaning that, sometimes it can be observed from Earth and we can see the ring in all its glory. In other instances, the ring can’t be seen at all and the view is replaced by its many moons.

#9 – Yes, we did say that it can be observed from Earth. Due to its size, it’s one of the five planets that can be seen shining brightly in the night sky on a clear night. By using a telescope, you can even get a peek at its ring.

#10 – Titan, Saturn’s most famous moon, has gravitational weak enough to allow humans to fly. Assuming we’ll ever get to step on Titan’s surface, this is the ideal time to properly try to imitate a bird.

10 Villain Costumes that Would Win Fashion Shows

They say a story is as good as its villain. After all, no matter how many ways we find to tailor old, traditional storytelling, there’s no denying that a good antagonist is what stirs up the drama necessary to create a compelling plot. But, wait! They’re not only memorable through actions and personality. In fact, many of them cling to our memories with the incredible design of their outfits. Some of them are very difficult to replicate, but human creativity managed to conquer all odds and gave us some ingenious villain costumes.

Villain Costumes

Image Courtesy of Disney Studios

When worn in the context of their universe, these villain costumes don’t necessarily stand out. But bring them into our world and it will become clear just how catwalk-worthy they are. Here are 10 Villain Costumes that Would Win Fashion Shows.

#1 Maleficent

It would have to be a serious case of haute-couture for it to work, but Maleficent’s apparel is as intimidating as it is gorgeous and memorable. In case you’re ever in need to feel like a true dark queen while sipping at your evening tea and watching Netflix, parade in this outfit to get out your evil villain laugh.

#2 Cruella de Vil

Cruella doesn’t exactly have one particular trademark look, but she’s managed to make her black and white chromatic compelling enough for it to be turned into several villain costumes. She stays true to her bicolored aesthetic and she makes evil look even classier with her thin cigarette and the high heels.

#3 Poison Ivy

Not all villain costumes need to scream at the top of their lungs that they’re being worn by the bad guys. Poison Ivy managed to become a renowned antagonist for Batman from the comfort of her ultra-sexy and brightly green apparel. Who knew even flowers could be so dangerous? Green isn’t a creative color.

#4 Ravenna

A costume very similar to the one worn by Maleficent, Ravenna manages to stand out with a pinch of appropriate personalization. Given her name and all, it only made sense that the finishing touch would be a gorgeous raven feather collar and some sparkles to the dress.

#5 Prince Nuada

Presented as an antagonist in Hell Boy 2: The Golden Army, Prince Nuada is the son of elf king Balor. Also, he is the one wearing one of the classiest and most eye-catching outfits seen on male villains. It was so impressive that the comic adapted the look, not the other way around.

#6 Two Face Costume

He didn’t wear any particular outfits in The Dark Knight, but Two Face has worn some villain costumes with variations. One of the most fashionable of them all was the one from his portrayal in the DC Animated Universe – a stylish suit colored one half in white, one half in black.

#7 Emma Frost

All of Emma Frost’s villain costumes have in common the scanty and unapologetic look that most comic book female antagonists have going on for them. However, there is a certain alluring class to her outfit choices, really well represented by January Jones in X-Men: First Class.

#8 Doctor Facilier

Disney villains are where it’s at. In the case of the antagonist of The Princess and the Frog, it wasn’t just his voodoo-inspired apparel that was stylish. The man managed to carry himself and behave with true menacing class as well.

#9 Ursula

An odd choice, perhaps, but wouldn’t it be really something if you saw a model parade a menacing black dress that ended in details resembling tentacles? A villain must inspire terror through appearance alone and this dress would certainly do it.

#10 Vidal

You might recognize him off Pan’s Labyrinth. He’s a man very fond of strictness and rules, which is why his fashion choices go hand in hand. Luckily for him, the military style is unlikely to ever go out of fashion and the fact that he tweaked his clothes a bit is definitely a bonus.

5 Real Life Lightsaber Designs

Star Wars has become a formidable empire, a franchise that has built a cult following for itself, full of loyal and enthusiastic fans. One of the things the saga is most well-known for is the sheer size of its expanded material that contains everything from bonus readings, books, comics, toys, and cartoons. But if there is one thing that we can say for certain has become a trademark for everything that Star Wars has to offer, that’s the lightsaber. And, all this time, one of the fans’ biggest desires has been the ability to create a real life lightsaber.

Real Life Lightsaber

Source

So, why haven’t we? We seem to be on our merry way to bring the hoverboard into real life, what’s keeping the lightsaber from becoming a proper reality? For starters, the fact that it’s incredibly dangerous might have something to do with it. A real life lightsaber would essentially mean a long beam of light with laser properties that is sturdy enough to be able to clash against other lightsabers.

Practically speaking, this isn’t something easy to achieve. The biggest issue that those who have attempted to build a real life lightsaber had encountered was the lack of control to the length of the beam, as well as the solidifying of the light particle. Some people, however, found a groundbreaking formula and they’ve managed to give us some prototypes that are the closest thing to a real life lightsaber we will ever get to.

#1 SufficientlyAdvanced

If you go to his YouTube channel description, you will notice that his premise is “I make pretend things into real things.” A man by the name Allen managed to make the incredible discovery that a real life lightsaber might not be, after all, such a far-fetched dream.

Using nichrome ignition to bring out the light beam, he ignited a methanol and acetone mixture in order to give us a thin, seemingly well-kept under control blue string of light. It’s definitely not thick enough to be called a proper sword and it can’t really hold its ground in a battle, but it can cause some proper damage, as demonstrated by the slashed balloons and burned Jar Jar Binks photo in the video.

#2 Yoda

No, it’s not the real Yoda, but it’s all a little bit poetic when you think about it. This is the nickname assumed by Michael Murphy, a Star Wars enthusiast who has made it his life’s biggest goal to build the perfect real life lightsaber replica.

To create his version, Murphy didn’t just work on the functionality of the saber alone, detailing the exterior to the smallest of aspects. The most impressive thing is that he managed to pick up on one fundamental part of Star Wars lore – the fact that the lightsabers are powered by tiny crystals inside of them. Murphy’s gorgeous real life lightsaber is up on eBay for a price ranging somewhere in a few ten thousands of dollars.

#3 styropyro

The styropyro YouTube channel is all about lasers and powerful beams. Given how he’s already incorporated them in some other kinds of weapons, guns included, it was almost expected for him to tackle down the possibility of making a real life lightsaber.

Inspired by the aforementioned Allen (SufficientlyAdvanced), our inventor added his own twist to the lightsaber by focusing more on the use of laser as opposed to setting substances on fire. There are several downsides, however, such as the fact that you can’t look at the beam directly and that the length can’t be controlled (yet).

#4 BeatTheBush

It’s strange that a DIY channel that mostly focuses on travel and cooking would come forth with an idea for a real life lightsaber, but it seems like it truly happened. This is one of the best uses of the word “prototype” we could come up with. It does look really cool, but it has a way to go before it can shape up into a final project.

Resembling a lightdagger rather than a lightsaber, the potential of this beam sword is, however, undeniable. It has a practical and easy to use handle, it looks like it has the possibility to flesh out the most believable ray of light, and all that it needs is a little bit more extra length to it.

#5 sethioz

At the bottom of the list we have the lightsaber that has the most way to go until we can call it a success. Unlike the other entries on this list, the laser beam isn’t even visible to the naked eye, though it is able to burn through a paper.

Needless to say, it’s something that we haven’t managed to turn into a reality for the past several decades. It’s certainly not a project can materialize over the night, so it’s important that we look at the small steps and appreciate all of the achievements so far. We wish sethioz good luck and to continue development!

Top 10 Fascinating Facts About Rome In Ancient Times

Facts About Rome

Source

The Roman Empire is a civilization that continues to astonish us all over thousands of years after their moment of glory. Their contribution to history came in many shapes of forms – culture, language, technology, medicine, etc. But even though they left such a palpable and undeniable legacy, there are still many secrets and mysteries that are only now getting unveiled. Join us as we lay down some of the most interesting facts about Rome that you probably didn’t know.

#1 Ancient Romans were living examples of paradoxes. Even though they were way ahead of their time in plenty of domains, medicine excluded, like most cases, they also had their rotten apples in the bunch. Rome was filled with the belief that gladiator blood was able to cure a set of afflictions, including epilepsy. After gladiator fights were banned, they even went as far as to turn to executed prisoners instead for their miracle worker.

#2 The Latin language wasn’t actually the Empire’s universal tongue. There were around 65 million people part of the Roman Empire, so it was essentially impossible to impose the same language to all of them. Actually, many original languages survived and the Romans themselves were, in majority, bilingual, given that knowledge of Greek was considered to be a badge of honor.

#3 The thing Roman emperors feared most was death by poison. In order to try to prevent it in one form or another, they developed the habit of digesting small doses of a variety of poisons on a daily basis. Supposedly, this continuous exposure to the substances would eventually lead them to being immune.

#4 Roman generals rarely fought in battles. In fact, you can count those who did on the fingers on one hand. Rather than being warriors who wielded swords in battle, they were “managers,” specialized in strategies, commands, and organizing their troops.

Facts About Rome

Source

#5 It’s no secret that one of Rome’s most controversial personalities was represented by the Emperor Caligula. Among his many bizarre deeds, we can definitely say that trying to make his horse a consul sits really high on the list of crazy things that he was willing to do.

#6 It’s very likely that the Roman persecution of Christians was kick-started by a misconception. When word about Jesus Christ’s apostles eating bread and drinking wine as symbols for flesh and blood, they probably misinterpreted that a little bit. As a result, they believed that early Christians practiced cannibalism.

#7 Ancient Romans considered left-handed people to be bad omens, unlucky, and untrustworthy. In fact, the negativity associated with them eventually led to the evolution of the word “sinister,” which is derived from the Latin word for “left.”

#8 Romans were one of the first people to set the foundation for modern toilets. Not only did they create the first underground system that flushed away waste, they also had, albeit for the wealthy, implemented a plumbing system. They had toilets and had the possibility to switch between hot and cold water. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, knowledge of the toilets was lost. During the Middle Ages, for example, people still used chamber pots that needed manual emptying.

 #9 The act of crucifixion received its dreaded reputation due to Jesus’ own crucifixion story, but it was actually a common act in Ancient Rome. It was specifically designed for those who committed acts of treason or for non-Roman citizens caught in criminal acts. If a Roman citizen committed murder, he’d usually be exiled, while a foreigner caught pick-pocketing would likely get crucified.

#10 Here’s something to feed your alien conspiracy theories – some of the first UFO spotting instances occurred during the times of Ancient Rome. Several pieces of writings have been found, which describe sky apparitions that are several hundred feet and “shoot fiery rays.”

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

Most of us are happy with keeping a nicely groomed backyard with the occasional flower planting and lawn manicuring. But nothing compares with these 5 crazy things people built in their backyard. You can call it excessive zeal or just a lot of free time, but they went ahead and had their fun. On their own. Come to think about it, why wouldn’t someone want to build a miniature Paris in their backyard? Think of all the mini croissants and boulangeries. Why stop there? Let’s all build castles in our yards. And roller coasters for a pinch of excitement. Flower beds are so main stream and boring, they’re just not worth it.

5. The Miniature Paris

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

You didn’t think I was kidding, did you? Gerard Brion is not laughing. He is the brains and patient steady hands behind the miniature Paris he built in his backyard. Over the course of fifteen years, Brion kept working hard on his capital of love, using concrete blocks, baby food jars and other junk. The miniature city also has streets, cars, rivers and, most amazingly, it’s connected to electricity so it lights up at night. Dare we ask about plumbing? Brion’s backyard is now the attraction of over 15,000 tourists each year who go in South of France to admire the miniature Paris.

4. The Infinitely Expanding Castle

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

If you thought the miniature Paris took way too long to build, Jim Bishop’s backyard castle took over four decades of work. He did all the work by himself, starting at fifteen when he dropped out of high school. He bought two acres of land in Colorado and built a castle that has 250 foot towers and domes. Wondering how he did it? Bishop didn’t use any heavy machinery, each and every stone was laid by hand. The castle is still an on going project, with Bishop seemingly not very eager to fully complete it.

3. Homemade Roller Coaster

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

Who needs to go to Disneyland when they have a roller coaster in their backyard? The answer is John Ivers. When he was finally got tired of waiting in line to have some fun, he thought why not build his own roller coaster? With welding experience and a lot of scrap metal available, he built the attraction which he named Blue Flash. He now opened his backyard to anyone who wants to go for a spin for free. If you pluck up the courage to try it out, you’ll ride in a modified car seat in what you’ll believe will be the last ride of your life.

2. A western town

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

When he was asked to refurbish a bunch of old sheds in his backyard, Jimmy Helms had a better idea: building an old time western town. He even chose a name for it: New Dubina. It took him fourteen years to build it and now it has a store, a saloon, a school and even a small church. With almost twenty two buildings in his back yard, the Western town wouldn’t have been complete without a gallows. Helms actually did such a good job with his DIY project, that a TV network filmed a few episodes for a Western there.

1. A BMX park

5 Crazy Things People Built In Their Backyard

What happens when you move in California’s Mojave Desert and tell your teenage son he can build anything he wants in your backyard? He chooses to build a BMX park. Gordy Toth proceeded to clear his backyard of trees and begun digging ramps. Fast forward six years later, when his biking park was ready for him and his friends to have some fun. With 13 surgeries and many broken bones, we’re sure Toth and his dad had a blast.

Image sources 1, 2, 3, 4, 5