9 Amazing Facts About the Moon

9 Amazing Facts About the Moon

We see it every night. It lightens our way through the dark and it adds up some romanticism and depth to our nocturnal walks and conversations. It’s been with us for as long as we can remember and we are pretty aware of the fact that it influences our mood, our healing processes and the growth of our hair, just to mention a few. Yes, I’m talking about our dear old Moon. But how much do we actually know about it? Here are 9 amazing facts about the Moon that will probably blow your mind, or at least make you look at it from a different perspective.

1. The Moon is the only surface in our Solar System that has been physically stepped on by humans, besides the Earth, of course.

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2. The Moon formed out of the Earth

It appears that an object as big as planet Mars hit the Earth some 4.5 billion years ago. The collision was so large that a huge spray of material was ejected into space. This is how the Moon was born. The proof for this belief relies on the fact that the Moon seems to be much less dense than the Earth and lacks a lot of iron in its core. Scientists think that the Moon is made up of the upper crust material, which has mostly lower density, than the composition of the Earth.

3. The Moon isn’t round

It’s actually shaped like an egg, and looks spherical from Earth because of the fact that one of the smaller ends that has a circular silhouette, is the one facing us.

4. The moon is moving away from Earth

As it spins and orbits our planet, the moon is slowly drifting away from us with about 1.5 inches per year. Today, the moon is about 280,000 miles from Earth, but when it first formed, researchers estimate that it was just 14,000 miles away from Earth.

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5. The Moon only shows one face to the Earth

Despite the fact that the Moon used to rotate in the sky compared to our point of view, it has been slowing down for billions of years. It’s the Earth’s gravity that holds the Moon in orbit, but it pulls differently at various parts of the Moon. Over a long period of time, gravity slowed down the Moon’s rotation so that it finally stopped it, and that’s why the Moon always displays one face to the Earth. The side that we never see is referred to as “the dark side of the Moon,” despite the fact that it receives just as much sunlight as the visible side.

6. The Moon appears terrifying to some people

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This phobia is called Selenophobia and sufferers have frequent panick attacks, start trembling and sweating whenever they see or even think about the Moon.

7. Gravity on the Moon is only 17% of the Earth

Since the pull of gravity on the Moon is only 17% the pull of gravity on the Earth, you’ll feel much lighter. For instance if you weighed 100 lbs. on Earth, you would feel like you only weighed 17 on the Moon. You could take up circus acts in a blink of an eye.

8. It gets extremely hot and extremely cold out there on the Moon

When the sun is shining on the moon, temperatures climb to 260 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s hotter than the boiling point of water at 212 degrees. On the dark, far side of the moon, things get frosty, dipping to -280 degrees Fahrenheit. So it’s unbearable for any human who plans on running away and building a life out there.

9. There’s a lot of trash on the Moon as well

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Over time, the astronauts who visited the Moon managed to leave quite a bit of trash behind. It is estimated that there’s about 400,000 lbs. of man-made materials lying around the Moon. This trash includes astronaut poop containers as well, along with debris from various experiments, space probes and lunar rovers.

6 of the Most Impressive Subway Stations in the World

We spend an unimaginably long time travelling by subway. If you come to think of it, it’s a rather strange behaviour we humans have, but the advantages defy any discussions related to this odd mean of conveyance. We use it, and it helps us a lot to get from point A to point B, all across town. But there are a few places on Earth who have subway stations that stand for real museums, and tourists come from everywhere just to visit them. So therefore oddity is transformed in art in its strictest sense. Here are 6 of the most impressive subway stations in the world.

# 1. Moscow’s Central Ring

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Moscow has its central subway route like a ring around city center, marked by impressive stops. The thing is that the Russians have kept all their post Communist pride inside these subway stations, which are absolutely stunning. With huge statues representing the workers and their leaders, fancy lamps and mosaics representing glorious phases from the history of Russia, they are worth every stop. In case you don’t have time for all of them, at least go visit the Kievskaya and the Komsomolskaya stations.

# 2. Stockholm’s subway

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In Stockholm, the Tunnelbana is often considered the longest art exhibition in the world. The word actually stands for “underground” in Swedish. The station we’re talking about here is also referred to as the T-Centralen station, which is the core of the Stockholm Metro. Back in the 1950s, artists Vera Nilsson and Siri Derkert proposed that art should be part of the new subway system. The Tub3 section of the station is where the Blue Line runs, thus the blue and white artwork, which dates back to the 1970s. Inspired by the two, there are now more than 140 artists represented in 90 of Stockholm’s subway stations, including both permanent and temporary exhibitions.

Also check out Kungstradgarden Station, inspired by the Makalos Palace.

# 3. Shanghai’s Bund Sightseeing Tunnel

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Actually the Bund Sightseeing Tunnel is not a subway stop. As the name “sightseeing tunnel” suggests, it is a touristic tunnel, running below the Huangpu River. It was originally planned to be a moving walkway to shuttle visitors from the Bund to Pudong, but this concept proved to be much more thrilling with flashing colored lights and exciting surprises.

# 4. Lisbon’s Olaias Station

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The purpose of the Olaias station was to link the inner city with the Expo ’98 area. Portuguese architect Tomás Taveira and a team of Portuguese artists, including Pedro Cabrita Reis, Graça Pereira Coutinho, Pedro Calapez and Rui Sanchez, designed it. Like many others in Portugal, it has a contemporary interior design, including dramatic coloring and exquisitely crafted tiles.

# 5. Kaohsiung’s Formosa Boulevard Station

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Formosa Boulevard is one of the busiest stations in Kaohsiung city, is also the location of the Dome of Light that’s located on the upper part of the station and is known as the biggest public art installation all over the globe. Artist Narcissus Quagliata is to be thanked for putting together the dome in a little less than four years, which included shipping pieces of colored glass directly from Germany.

# 6. Dubai Metro Stations

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Dubai’s railway stations were designed by Aedas of Birmingham to combine both traditional and modern architectural elements. All trains and stations are air conditioned with platform edge doors. For instance the Khalid Bin Al Waleed station has interiors inspired by the four elements: water, air, earth and fire, along with oversized chandelier lamps in the shape of jellyfish.

So now you’ve got a good reason to plan your trips accordingly, and have no excuse to go back to your hotel when your feet are a bit tired of all the sightseeing. Get a ticket and enjoy the subways!

5 Hero Dogs Lassie would be Proud of

Dogs are man’s best friends. There’s no doubt about it. No matter how distant some of them may sometimes seem, they are always on the guard. The fact that they live for their owner is very touching indeed. Here are some incredible stories of 5 hero dogs Lassie would be proud of.

1. Shana the digging dog

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Shana is a half wolf dog/half German Shepard who saved an elderly couple from a treacherous snowstorm. When Shana found Norman and Eve trapped by snow, she went to work, digging out a tunnel through which she would pull the couple back to the safety of their home. After Shana tunneled all the way to the house, it came back, grabbed the sleeve of Eve’s jacket, and threw the 86-pound woman over her back and neck, which Eve described as “as wide as our kitchen shelf.” Norman grabbed Eve’s legs, and the dog pulled them through the tunnel, under the trees and through an opening in a fence to the house. She than kept them warm, as electricity in the house was not working.

2. Honey the very young rescuer

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Honey was eventually awarded with the 2006 Dog of the Year, for saving her owner from a violent car accident. When she and Michael Bosch found their SUV rolled over and stuck upside down in a deep ravine, Bosch was trapped and knew that Honey was his only hope. He managed to release the dog and hope that she would somehow find help. Keep in mind that the 5-month-old English Cocker Spaniel got the attention of a man about a half-mile away and brought him to the scene of the accident. Rescuers concluded that had it not been for this, Bosch would have died.

3. Bear saved his young owner from drowning

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Patricia Drauch was walking to her garage when her 14-month-old, Stanley, disappeared from her sight. She finally went to her pool and found Stanley all blue and lying on his back. But her dog, Bear, was keeping Stanley’s head above water by balancing him on his back. Bear refused to move, or even bark, until Patricia got in the pool to retrieve her son. Bear saved Stanley’s life that day.

4. The stray dog that kept a lost boy warm

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When a 7-year-old boy in Siberia was trying to rescue a stray dog from a nine-foot deep roadside service bank, he accidentally slipped in himself. No one could find the missing boy until more than 72 hours later when road workers heard the exhausted barks of a dog from the pit. The dog had wrapped itself around the boy and prevented him from getting hypothermia, therefore saving his life. The dog was rescued alive, too, though its current whereabouts were unclear. Hopefully the animal was given proper medical treatment, a home and regular meals.

5. Orlando helped his blind owner to survive on subway tracks

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Cecil Williams, a visually impaired man, was waiting on a subway platform in Harlem when he began to feel weak. His guide dog, Orlando, barked to alert others, and tried to keep the man standing, but both toppled onto the tracks. A metro employee rushed over and instructed them to lie down between the rails, as a train was coming and there was no time to pull the two up. They both survived, and Williams credited Orlando with saving his life. He was afraid he might have to give the dog up when he retires at age 11 next year, but people were so touched by the story, that enough donations piled up for the man and his dog to stick together.

There are hundreds of other stories about how dogs saved their owners from death, learned how to perform the Heimlich maneuver or even dial 911. These are just five of the bravest ones. So go to your dog and give him a big kiss.

The 8 Most Disgusting Foods in the World

It’s dinnertime! But people all around the world are serving incredibly different dishes. What bon appetit means for every one of us ranges between infinite meanings. I’m not trying to ruin your day here, it’s just that the dishes I’m going to tell you about would most probably drift Jamie Oliver himself away from the kitchen. So here are the 8 most disgusting foods in the world.

All the vital organs of just about any species have been consumed at one time or another, such as Amazonian ants, half-cooked fetal eggs, worms of all kinds and stages of life, hoofs, beaks, ears, and eyeballs have all been efficiently put to good culinary use.

# 1. Casu Marzu

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This Sicilian dish is best described as a sheep milk cheese containing live insect larvae that are actually fermenting the cheese. It’s unnecessary to clear those white worms from the cheese before consuming, but some people do it. The Casu Marzu was banned for years and only sold on the black market, but few years ago it was declared a traditional food and now it’s legal to produce and sell them.

# 2. Tuna Eyeball

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This is poor man’s food in Japan because it costs about $1. They say it tastes like squid, but they also warn you to boil it before eating. I think it goes with everything, including the Casu Maezu from above.

# 3. Balut aka soft-boiled fetal duck

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This one consists of fertilized duck egg that has a partially grown duck embryo inside. The egg is boiled, which cooks both the liquid and the embryo. Puncturing the shell and sipping the broth inside is how you eat it. After that, the shell is peeled to give you access to eat the yolk and the cooked duckling. This popular dish is sold in buckets filled with sand, which keep the dish food warm.

# 4. Pacha or a sheep’s boiled head

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This is a more common dish in the Middle East, specifically Iraq and Egypt. You’ll find smoked versions and recipes for sheep’s head soup, usually presented whole and intact, sometimes with brains, sometimes without… Surprise, surprise…

# 5. Bat Paste

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You basically need a bunch of flying mouse, fruit, or fox bats caught somewhere in a remote village or where ever you may consider. Drop into a pot of boiling water or milk without killing them beforehand. Roast to desired doneness. Chop and make into paste with Thai herbs and spices.

# 6. 4-inch-long raw worms

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Food is scarce in the desert, we all know that, and for thousands of years the Australian Aborigines have relied partly on protein-rich grubs, such as the larvae of moths. They don’t prepare it at all whatsoever; they just pull it out of the ground and chew on it until it stops moving.

# 7. Jellied Moose Nose

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Take one moose’s upper jawbone, cut below the eyes and boil for 45 minutes, afterwards chill it in cold water. Then pull out all the hairs that should come out easily at this point. Place the hair-free nose in a kettle and bring to a boil, then simmer. After a night of letting it cool, you’ll have two kinds of meat to choose from: the bulb of the nose and thin strips of dark meat along the bones. Poor moose!

# 8. Boodog

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This Mongolian dish is basically a marmot or goat, cooked within its own skin with hot stones in the stomach. In a nutshell, after you’ve hung it upside down, bled it and broken its legs, there comes the stuffing consisting of smooth hot stones crammed into every cavity imaginable and even up under the leg skin where you would have drowned out the broken bones.

It is said: “The Chinese eat anything with four legs, except tables. And everything that flies, except airplanes”. Well I suppose this applies to other nations, too. We all have our oddities, that’s for sure, but come on now, I think we are exaggerating a bit. These dishes are the perfect evidence of the human need to feel the most powerful creature on the planet and just set his heel upon anything that moves. What a sad pursuit this is!

7 Types of Bread you Should Definitely Taste

7 Types of Bread you Should Definitely TasteEating bread is really addictive. One can never have enough. It’s simply delicious and it enriches any food it is served along with. Bread is divine, indeed. And people consume it all around the world and spice it up, or cook it according to their local customs and using their traditional ingredients. Discovering different types of bread from all around the world is an experience meant to succeed, under any circumstances. So let’s take a look at 7 types of bread you should definitely taste.

The most loved and savored food garnish throughout the world, bread is an old food dating back to the Neolithic era. Generally made from wheat-flour dough, bread can also comprise of various wheat species, such as rye, barley, maize and oats.

# 1. Naan, India

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Actually this oven-baked flatbread can be found all over Southeast Asia. It is best enjoyed with butter or ghee while still hot enough to melt it. The beauty of naan is that it can be topped, stuffed or infused with just about anything that crosses one’s mind, from herbs to seeds to pumpkin to cheese to spicy mashed potatoes.

# 2. Pão de Queijo, Brazil

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These are actually Brazilian cheese buns found throughout several countries in Latin America. Made from cassava, also known as tapioca or corn flour, they are gluten-free, making them an ideal bread to serve not only at a large family gathering, but also to any nutrition addict. Eggs help the dough fluff up as it bakes. This type of bread doesn’t use yeast or any other leavening agent. So it’s delicious and healthy at the same time. What an encouraging food-paradox.

# 3. Challah, Jewish bread7 Types of Bread you Should Definitely Taste8

This braided egg bread is traditionally served on the Sabbath and holidays in order to commemorate the manna that fell from heaven and fed the Jews during their exodus from Egypt. It’s gently sweetened and turns golden brown after being baked. It sometimes contains raisins into the dough and the surface is topped with sesame or poppy seeds.

# 4. Pizza bianca, Italy

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This type of bread is typical all over Italy, it is only called pizza bianca in Rome and of course the way that it is made and the way that it tastes is different in every region. It is wonderful on its own and can also be filled with whatever one may want.

# 5. Fougasse and Fougassette, France

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These are traditional breads that originated in the city of Nice and its surrounding villages. The fougasse was originally a crusty bread made of baguette dough brushed with olive oil and flavored with orange zest, that is still the tradition, however many fougasse breads have tremendously changed recognition, as they now come with a wide variety of recipes. The most popular fougasse breads include black olives and or anchovies and some may include onions.

# 6. Bialy, Poland

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The bialy was developed in Bialystok, Poland and its name is short for bialystoker kuchen, mening Bialystok cake. It is a large, flat, chewy yeast roll, up to six inches in diameter, which is baked. The bialy has a depression in the middle that is typically filled with chopped onions and poppy seeds prior to baking. It is most often eaten as it is or spread with butter.

# 7. Pan de Muertos, Mexico

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This sweet egg bread is usually laced with anise or orange flower water and decorated with a skull and crossbones and is is eaten during Mexico’s Day of the Dead, on November 1st and 2nd. Should you want to eat this on any other day, try omitting the decorative skulls.

I must admit the fact that I’m already drooling. I’m going for some bread now. Bon appetit to you, too!