Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

We’re used to think about minerals as colorful rocks that vary in shapes, sizes and colors. But there’s more to them than meets the eye. There are almost five thousand mineral species out there and probably many more that haven’t been discovered yet. Precious minerals are amongst the most toxic materials ever discovered. Excavating these types of minerals has proven so dangerous in the last decades that we’ve quit using them at all. So you might consider dropping the random rocks you pick up on your hikes. That is, if you don’t want to get poisoned. Keep reading about top ten deadliest minerals on Earth to find out what you should and shouldn’t pick up.

10. The Coloradoite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

This rock is a recent discovery and it’s a crystalline mineral that originates in magma veins. What makes the Coloradoite dangerous is the mercury telluride compound that is created by mercury fusing with tellurium. And don’t even think to heat this mineral or chemically alter it. It will release vapors that are toxic.

9. The Chalcanthite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

Don’t let the innocent blue color fool you. This crystal is made out of copper and sulfur and is toxic in excess quantities. Once the copper is water soluble it can easily assimilated by plants or animals. If contaminated, a living creatures is weakend by the chalcanthite and ultimately dies.

8. The Hutchinsonite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

This is the fatal combination of thallium, lead and arsenic. Thallium is very toxic and can cause anything from hair loss to death. The three toxic metals form a highly dangerous concoction that can be found in the European mountains.

7. The Galena

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

No, this is not a contemporary sculpture, but a rock that forms silver cubes. The Galena can be poisonous and it poses high risks for miners, workers or researches who expose themselves to it.

6. The Asbestos Chrysotile and Amphibolite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

Asbetos is one of the most dangerous minerals out there and it can severely damage the human lung. It is composed of silica, iron, sodium and oxygen. If the lungs are continuously exposed to asbestos, this mineral can cause irritation of the tissue and scarring.

5. The Arsenopyrite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

It might look like gold, but it’s not as harmless. This is arsenic iron sulfide. If you happen to hit it with a hammer, you’ll feel a powerful garlic smell. This is your queu to run away from the deadly rock which is highly toxic when heated or altered.

4. The Tobernite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

Phosphorous, copper, water and uranium threw a party and the tobernite was born. Its toxicity matches its beauty. This rock can release radon gas which can lead to lung cancer.

3. The Stibnite

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

Before it was found out it’s poisonous, the stibnite was used for eating utensils This antimony sulfide looks like silver metallic crystals. It should be handled carefully and it is advised to wash one’s hands after contact.

2. The Orpiment

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

Arsenic is bad enough on its own, but when combined with sulfur it’s double trouble. The color can be deceiving, but don’t doubt its toxicity. Chinese used this rock as a way to poison their enemies. After¬†rubbing crushed orpiment on stones, they would throw the rocks at the attackers and hope it would work. This rock can crumble into a powder when it comes in contact with light and gives off a strong garlic smell. Before people discovered it is poisonous, many artists used it in their paintings.

1. The Cinnabar

Top Ten Deadliest Minerals On Earth

The most toxic mineral on Earth, the cinnbar can be found near vulcanos and sulfur deposits. When heated or altered, this mineral releases pure mercury which can cause death. Despite this, it was used in China for ornamental dishes, making many fatalities among the artists.

Image sources 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Top Five Most Intriguing Ancient Gadgets

We’re used to think of gadgets as something cutting edge that usually involves a lot of technology. To prove you there’s more to it, here are top five most intriguing ancient gadgets. They surely weren’t as fast, shiny and comfy as ours, but back then they were probably modern wonders, yearned by everyone. And only a lucky few could enjoy them. Technology has come a long way and it’s fascinating to look at how these mechanisms worked in ancient times. We’ve¬†kept¬†building on strong foundations and have come to enjoy an unprecedented type of comfort. Although the following artifacts and mechanisms still remain a mystery to us, it’s intriguing to think about their possible uses, how they were invented and who was privileged to use them.

1. Antikythera Mechanism

Ten Ancient Gadgets

This ancient analog computer was used more than two thousand years ago to predict astronomical events or the positions of the stars. It now holds the title of the oldest computer in the world. Only during recent research we were able to discover its various functions. It appears the Greek people were able to calculate when the next solar eclipse would take place. The mechanism was found in a small wooden box and it is made out of more than thirty bronze gears. This complex clockwork mechanism also allowed the Greek people to organize their days and calendar in cycles that lasted four years.

2. The Coso Artifact

Ten Ancient Gadgets

Taking into account the fact that spark plugs were only invented in the nineteenth century, this five hundred thousand year old artifact baffled researchers when they discovered how old it was. The spark plug was found at the beginning of¬†the sixties by Wallace Lane. It was encased in a chunk of hard clay. While some supported¬†its age and claimed it was a clear sign of an alien civilization, others were not so easily persuaded. Critics claimed that the artifact could have been the result of a natural process and that there is¬†in fact no strong evidence to support it’s¬†five hundred thousand year old.

3. Baigong Pipes

Ten Ancient Gadgets

These weird looking mechanism was found in China, near Mount Baigong. The “pipes” lead straight into a pyramid. But the most mysterious fact of them all is that there are no obvious signs of civilizations having lived nearby. The queer pipes were discovered by some scientists who were looking for dinosaur fossils. Since then, they have become a true attraction in the area, with tourists visiting them regularly, despite no one knowing what they are or what they were created for.

4. Roman Dodecahedra

Ten Ancient Gadgets

These small mechanisms have twelve pentagonal faces with each of these sporting a round hole. The dodecahedra range in diameter, but all the holes connect in the hollow center. Dating back to the second and third centuries, scientists have found around a hundred of these mechanisms, mostly in Germany and France but also in Hungary. Many archaeologists have tried their luck with the Roman Dodecahedra in an attempt to figure out what they were used for. Some hypothesis suggest they were a religious artifact, while other claim they only had a decorative purpose.

5. The mysterious airplanes

Ten Ancient Gadgets

Also known as the Quimbaya artifact, they were found in Colombia and date from 1000 CE. While the more skeptical believe they simply symbolize stylized birds, lizards, amphibians and insects that were commonly encountered in that area. However, there are other voices suggesting these were actually figurines that represented airplanes. Some scientists went as far as to rebuilt the Quimbaya models and were shocked by their discovery. The models followed the exact patterns of the figurines, encompassing the tails, the landing gears and the wings.

Image sources 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

6 Things That Used To Be Cool

You know that feeling from back when you were a kid and you’d come up with a brilliant idea but then some would suggest you do exactly that thing¬†and you didn’t want to do it anymore?¬†I remember it vividly because it happened yesterday and the day before that. In the same vein, now, as a fully grown, emancipated adult (chuckles) you don’t feel like wearing or doing something that has been tainted in a stupid way by someone you don’t like. Let’s take a look at 6 things that used to be cool but were ruined by people overusing them or going all wrong about it. Then let’s make a common effort to¬†revive them for old time’s sake.

1. Felt hats

Things That Used To Be Cool

Aka fedoras. Ok, you’ve been watching “Boardwalk Empire” and you sympathize with Nucky the gangster, but you wanna be like Jimmy and you secretly hate Van Alden. But what do all of them¬†have in common? Fedoras! That sounds like a cool idea, you could pull it off with a sequin dress or with a ripped tshirt. But it’s not a cool idea unless you can rock the attitude. Otherwise, please put it back on the shelf.

2. Body sprays

Things That Used To Be Cool

We all had this guy in our class or we all knew¬†this friend of a friend of a friend who really liked using body spay. More specifically, Axe body spray. And not in moderation. Don’t rush to conclusions here. We’re not advocating for you to ditch your deodorants. You can keep all 17 of them. But you should learn the difference between¬†using them for what they were intended to be used, and using them for their scent. As long as you stick to the normal amount, you should be fine and you won’t have any problems getting a date for you upcoming prom.

3. Vape pens

Things That Used To Be Cool

So you’re minding your own business on the bus going to work and this guy next to you starts smoking… a pen! First of all, even if they don’t give off real smoke, that doesn’t entitle you to “light up” and be all smug about it in a means of public transportation. We get it, you’re trying to shake off a bad habit, but we don’t want to hear all about vaping at each dinner party.

4. Guitar rattling

Things That Used To Be Cool

Remember that fun bonfire a couple years ago, on the beach, with that nice guy playing guitar and everyone just having a blast? Fast forward to present time, when everyone thinks they can play guitar and they drag it along at every party, forcing people to hum along. Here are a few pearls of wisdom you could try next time you want to sing for your friends. Ask yourself if¬†you can actually play well and if someone specifically required¬†you to bring your guitar. If the answer is “no” to¬†at least one of the two, you might want to reconsider your performance before you run out of friends.

5. Nerd culture

Things That Used To Be Cool

“Thanks” to Marvel who keeps releasing superhero movie after superhero movie, the nerd culture has been soaring in the last few years. That translates into¬†ladies¬†wearing large rimmed eye glasses and tshirts with “i love geeks” and gentlemen¬†wearing large rimmed eye glasses¬†and tshirts with Star Wars. Comic books are not for every one, but it’s becoming cooler to pretend you know everything about Thanos, than¬†admitting you have no idea that he was a badass.

6. The Chaplin ‘stache

Things That Used To Be Cool

Aka the toothbrush mustache. Aka please don’t make us look at that atrocious thing. We won’t deny Charlie Chaplin rocked it to the moon and back. But it’s been forever tainted when Hitler decided it suited him. Our recommendation? Stay away from it and keep it simple. A second day beard is infinitely sexier than something that immediately makes you think about the Holocaust.

Source images 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Google’s Dream Robot Can Create Art

In case you didn’t know technology has come such a long way that now Google’s dream robot can create art. If you haven’t noticed the hype around the psychedelic pictures¬†that have been all over¬†the internet, in this article we’ll break down the process that is behind the software that powers Deep Dream, the weird photos and we’ll ¬†try to answer the question on everyone’s lips: do computers have imagination? You can wait a little longer before hitting that imaginary panic button in your mind. The Deep Dream robot is far away from taking over the world, and just because it can deliver a few picture invariably embellished with puppy images, it does not mean we’ll all soon be its slaves.

Google's Dream Robot Can Create Art

In order to understand the concept behind Google’s Deep¬†Dream robot, let’s take a closer look at what it does step by step, how it can “create art” and how it learns to distinguish images one from another. You’re probably familiar with Google’s image recognition feature. We’re talking about that one that allows you to google a picture of your washing machine in an attempt to find its instructions manual online.

Still with me? Moving on… The image recognition software uses hundreds of reference pictures for comparing it to the picture to be recognized. How does it do that? After looking at dozens of pictures of a watermelon, the software starts to understand that a watermelon is usually round, green with stripes, that it has a red interior dotted with black seeds.

Google's Dream Robot Can Create Art

Let’s say¬†you upload an image of a cake, the software will go ahead and try to find a reference picture by identifying the similarities.¬†But let’s say you tell the software to look for a dog in a picture that doesn’t have a dog. It will identify whatever looks remotely as a dog and let you know it’s found it. Can you see where this is going now? The program will transform all the features that look a little bit like a dog into even more prominent feature, adding puppy faces here and there.

By feeding an image through a layer of artificial neurons, images can become more and more distorted until they don’t look like their source at all anymore. The software just enhances particular features, for examples edges, adding noise and morphing everything together.

Google's Dream Robot Can Create Art

Experimenting with Deep Dream was certainly fun for the Google team but it’s infinitely more fun for the internet to play with it. After Google realized the software can be used to generate images of the things it¬†had previously recognized, a spark became a blazing fire. Deep Dream is still a few painting lessons away from delivering visually appealing content, but it’s still weirdly insane to have a peek inside a software’s dreams.

What really raised waves on the internet was Google releasing the code for the system online. So you’re just steps away from uploading a selfie and watching it transform into an image that will look like a Dali painting. Curious to see how others are having fun with Google’s Dream software? Check out¬†#DeepDream on any social media and prepare to be blown away. Also, prepare to see a lot of puppies mashed in landscape pictures.

Google's Dream Robot Can Create Art

While we’re having fun uploading baby pictures and metamorphosing them into crawling things, we’re missing the bigger picture at hand here. This artificial intelligence program is a glimpse into our future. This could possibly further develop and turn into a powering tool that can help us evolve and explore new horizons.

Source images 1, 2, 3, 4

The Mysterious Sickness In Kazkhstan That Made People Fall Asleep

Imagine you’re minding your own business, going about your daily chores, thinking about what you’ll have for dinner when all of a sudden your brain switches off, and you slip into a coma without ever knowing what hit you. You wake up 5 days later in the hospital, surrounded by doctors who don’t have an explanation for you other than the mere fact that you‚Ķ fell asleep. If you think this is a horror movie scenario, think again! This actually happened in Kalachi, a tiny, quiet village in Kazakhstan that lies 300 miles west from Astana.¬†Kazachenko, the man whose case we just described experienced the mysterious sickness in Kazkhstan that made people fall asleep.

The Mysterious Sickness In Kazkhstan That Made People Fall Asleep

He went through a sleeping sickness that left many wondering at what it was happening. Kazachenko was driving his motorcycle accompanied by his wife when he blacked out all of a sudden. This wasn’t the first time he was experiencing the queer slumber. The two episodes left him with high blood pressure, headaches and disorientation.

It wasn’t an isolated case either. The ghost illness started claiming victims on the streets, with residents falling asleep unaware on the streets or even worse, while driving. This puzzling mystery left people wondering what had happened with them. One second they were walking down the street and the next they woke up in a hospital bed.

The Mysterious Sickness In Kazkhstan That Made People Fall Asleep

The sickness spread to another small village, Krasnogorsk. The number of victims in both places summed up to over 150 people. The longest period of time a man stayed in a coma stretched to 6 days. Besides causing residents to fall asleep, this nameless sickness also caused other temporary symptoms like hallucinations.

Everybody was in the dark in the early days of the ‚Äúepidemic‚ÄĚ, with some pointing fingers at counterfeit vodka and others simply dismissing it as mass hysteria. However, after medical researchers concluded their tests they managed to get to the root of the problem: carbon monoxide.

This was coming from the nearby uranium mines which had been closed a good many years ago. The carbon monoxide that had been trapped inside the Soviet mines escaped, leading to the symptoms the residences of Kalachi and Krasnogorsk were experiencing. Kazakhstan’s Deputy Prime Minister, Berdybek Saparbayev, confirmed the cause of the illness.

The Mysterious Sickness In Kazkhstan That Made People Fall Asleep

The combination of carbon monoxide and some other hydrocarbon gasses worked together to reduce the levels of oxygen in the affected areas. This left the local authorities wondering what can be done for the villagers of Kalachi and Krasnogorsk. One option would be to move the residents to another place in order to prevent further exposing them to the dangerous carbon monoxide and other gasses.

The process was started and over 100 villagers were relocated across Akmola, in Northern Kazakhstan. However, around 425 other people are still residing in the poisoned village, awaiting the help of local administrations for relocating them. No one was forced to accept the move, which means some villagers are more hesitant than others to leave the place where they were born and where they lived for decades.

Kazachenko, the motorcycle driver, is one of these people. He refuses to move from the village where he has lived for more than 40 years and seems undaunted in the face of the strange symptoms caused by the uranium mines. He has the support of his wife who, in her turn, spent 60 years in her village.

The Mysterious Sickness In Kazkhstan That Made People Fall Asleep

Some of the remaining villagers seem inclined to prefer receiving a compensation, while the rest plainly refuse to abandon Kalachi and Krasnogorsk. With the authorities trying to accommodate everybody, the schools and hospitals were promised to remain fully functional until every single villager agrees to relocate.

Image sources 1, 2, 3, 4