A latest research on dark energy has demonstrated that our Universe is growing as predicted by the already well-known theories of cosmic inflation, but this phenomenon is not as quick as specialists have considered and will not delay “The Big Rip” or the death of the Universe.
Since a few decades ago, when the cosmic inflation model was designed by physicists Andrei Linde and Alan Guth, in order to describe the source of the large-scale framework of the universe, it was identified that dark energy was the power pushing this persistent cosmic rising phenomenon.
Dark energy is currently the most approved speculation to describe the findings since the 90’s, studies that are indicating that the cosmos is growing with an incredible speed. The amount of that development has been put under serious analysis by the latest results, since the Type 1 supernovae have been widely used to evaluate distances throughout the galaxies and this increase is not continuous, but is actually divided into different groups.
As a consequence of this discovery, a group of astronomers from the United States are starting now to believe that the older theories about the continuous speeding of the universe, and cosmic inflation by default, could be defective when explaining their space observations.
A Type 1 supernova generates reliable optimum luminosity sue to the constant huge amount of white-colored dwarves that burst via the accumulation procedure. The balance of this value allows such massive spatial explosions to be taken as “standard candles” in order to evaluate the distances to their host galaxies.
A Type I supernovae happens in a binary system, or a couple of stars revolving one around the other. One of these stars in the system has to be a white-colored small star, or the heavy, carbon leftover sore to be of dead star having approximately the dimensions of our Sun.
The astronomers are suggesting that their information indicates that there might be a lot less dark energy than it was previously believed, but they still cannot present a real number concerning this quantity or space force.
Until this recent discovery, the two communities of supernovae were considered as being the same inhabitants of the galaxy. In order to get that last response, they have to perform again all these studies, independently for the blue and for the red categories.
The specialists said that their results are comparable to testing a set of 100 watts light bulbs and finding out that some of them are different in their lighting.
Despite this questionable summary, the death of the universe as an effect of the Big Bang could be later by a few billion years and it could convert the predicted “Big Bang” into the “Big Crunch”.
In the Big Bang theory, there will be a speeding of the Universe’s increase, to the point where it overcomes the gravity which keeps all our cosmos together. The galaxies will be ripped apart first, and then followed by more compact black holes, planets and stars.
Space will begin to grow a lot quicker than the speed of light. The whole Cosmos will become a gap of individual particles linked to nothing around them.
Maybe the gravity could engulf the dark energy, but then gravity will be the most powerful force dominating the Universe. This theory will mean that, after growing for hundreds of billions of years, the amount of cosmic inflation will slowly go down and the Cosmos will start to contract back to its smaller size.
Galaxies will be crushed and combine as the Universe begins crumbling on itself. The whole Cosmos will turn into one incredibly massive black hole, this will be named The Big Crisis.
Image source: www.universe.com